The frozen earth is a fertile zone for the gardener’s active mind. Seed catalogs, plot plans, old planting records and books about organic pest control and landscape design are the tools of dreamers who see beyond the white blanket hiding last year’s garden stubble and the remaining leeks.
If you are a parent or a gardening teacher, chances are your dreaming and scheming about the upcoming growing season is set to the music of childish voices. And, alongside the plans for rows of spring peas and lettuce is a growing imagination of how how to work with children in the garden over the next season.
Last year, I wrote a few blog posts about gardening with toddlers. I have compiled these and re-posted below for those who dream about children eating peas right from the vine, pulling stout carrots and finding hiding spaces in the corn patch.
Introduction to Toddlers Blooming in the Garden
She sits on my lap, lining up sage leaves. Her little hand lifts the aromatic, fuzzy leaves from their water bath and lays them on the perforated tray that I will slide into the dehydrator. It is a bright September day on the back deck where we work together, steadily filling the trays with the taste of autumn stews. I scratch a sage leaf and smell it and she smells it too. I slowly place the leaves in tight rows, occasionally adjusting a leaf so it does not overlap. She imitates my actions carefully, re-positioning leaves that clump up.
I don’t tell her what to do and she doesn’t ask. My hands give all the instruction she needs, a lesson in preserving food, in creating order, in cooperative work, in texture, scent, color, in the variability of the same form, big leaves and smaller leaves, all wooly, pale blue-green sage. I am happily surprised that with no verbal encouragement, she consistently makes neat rows with no overlaps even though she is not quite two years old.
This is the end of a summer when we have often spent time together in the garden. I came to these sessions with a list of tasks that I might do, but with no goals other than to share one of my favorite places with a toddler. It would be a bonus if I pulled a few weeds, thinned some carrots or harvested lettuce.
Today, so much adult work cannot be comprehended by children. But growing, storing and preparing food draw forth a child’s participation and understanding. Children who witness or take part in working with plants and animals enter into the essence of adult experience. In those moments of partnership, when they stand alongside us, or sit on our laps or ride on our backs, they develop the security that comes with glimpsing their productive future in the comfort of present connection. And, as we work together with our children, we adults can inch toward faith in the continuity of our most vital work.
Growing and harvesting food while caring for a baby or a toddler may be the original and most important form of multitasking. Somewhere in your ancestral history a parent moved along a row of plants with a baby on her back and a basket slung over her arm. Our very existence is rooted in this pair, in centuries of parents and their children working together in gardens, in fields, forests, barns, blueberry barrens, rice paddies. When I think about this age-old image, the adult and the child, together growing food, I feel connected to and grateful for the multi-tasking farmers and gardeners, parents and children, past and present who have made my life possible. However, I feel fortunate to be in an age when I am not living in anxiety about getting a big harvest in before the frost. We have been blessed with time for noticing our children’s entry into the natural world and their satisfaction in their first attempts at real work.
Toddlers blooming in the garden: Five Ways to Involve Your Toddler in Real Work: Part One
Long ago, when my daughter was two, I did not realize that toddlers might be able to do real work. I remember a yo yo experience in the garden, pulling a few weeds, chasing her across the yard toward the street, leading her back. Repeat. Repeat. Repeat. Since then I have explored ways to engage very little children in the real work of gardening. The key is choosing tasks that fit them. If you can find varied tasks that work well with their boundless energy and their joy in movement, you can help toddlers delight in being you partner in growing and you can get some work done.
Here are a six strategies for engaging happy little gardeners :
- Make it a group effort. Children of all ages enjoy working with adults and older children. Make gardening an activity that is part of a playdate with parents and children. A group of adults working in a garden with an eye toward coming up with easy jobs can keep a little helper happy and busy. If you call out, “I need help over here in the tomato patch. Who can be my helper?” You are bound to get the answer “Me! Me!” and running feet will be coming your way. Then, if another adult calls for help when interest flags, your helper will be attracted to the new challenge. Working with an adult in the garden can help a child learn to extend his attention span. Nevertheless, don’t be surprised if five to ten minutes per task is typical.
- Give your child her own garden area. Once I gave a two year old a little patch of prepared earth and a package of lettuce seeds. This was my only involvement in her little garden bed of four square feet. She planted the seeds with no help, watered occasionally and, to my great surprise, had the best area of lettuce in our garden that year. A more involved approach is to give responsibility for a crop. At school, I start this in third grade. At home, this works from toddlerhood to teenagehood. One year I worked with a two and a half year old to grow a small corn patch. I opened the furrows and she carefully placed the seeds. She helped me close the furrows and to water. Over the summer I often said, “Let’s go look at your corn.” Together, we admired new sprouts, and noticed when the corn came to her knees, then her tummy, then her chin and ultimately far over her head. We observed the ears forming and peeked in to see tiny kernels. Harvest day was great fun. She relished the process of harvesting, shucking and washing and, when her corn was cooked and offered to her family, she beamed.
- Speedy delivery! Toddlers like being delivery people, especially when this involves running back and forth between two people. I remember a day when I worked with another adult and a two-year-old to harvest and bag a large bed of lettuce before a hard frost. I loaded loose heads of frilly green lettuce with red-tipped leaves into a baskets and she hefted one big basket at a time and carried it to the other adult who bagged the lettuce. Then she ran back with the empty basket, ready for the next load. While toddlers can have short attention spans when they are not directing their own activities, on this day we were priveleged to work side by side with a two year old for at least forty minutes as we witnessed this young person taking a big step into the world of real work.
- Fill a wide bucket with water and give your child a small watering can to dip in the bucket. This task can entertain for a long time and maybe even provide water to plants that are thirsty. Your helper will play as much as he works, but that’s OK. Choose a warm day so getting wet is not chilling. Supervise closely and constantly as toddlers can fall into some buckets and not be able to get out.
- For most crops, harvesting is easy and fun At school I often offer harvesting jobs to the early childhood teachers and their classes.. No matter what your age, the satisfaction of pulling carrots from their hiding places in the earth or carrying pumpkins to the garden cart is a real experience of finding treasure.
For the young child, however, the greatest treasure in the garden cannot be dug, carried or eaten. It is the wonder experienced when the garlic pokes its nose through the spring soil, when the corn arches overhead, when an earthworm suddenly slithers across the damp earth. We will come back the theme of wonder in the garden next week.
Toddlers blooming in the Garden: Finding Wonder: Part Two
“If a child is to keep alive his inborn sense of wonder, he needs the companionship of at least one adult who can share it, rediscovering with him the joy, excitement, and mystery of the world we live in.”
Wonder in the first years of life creates the roots of self-motivation. It is the foundation of a personal connection to the world, the nexus of the self. Wonder cannot be scripted. It arrives unbidden. And while we cannot call forth wonder just wen we want it, we can be expectant. The best a person can do is to be always listening, always watching, open to the possibility that something amazing might come our way, aware that it is possible, or even likely, that the marvelous will arise out of the commonplace, amid the happenings of everyday life. This openness to wonder is a transcendent state we aspire to as adults, yet it is the natural state of young children.
One of the best gifts you can give your toddler and yourself is to find time to join him where he is in that expectant openness, to slow down, to see what they see and hear what they hear, to let go of deadlines, plans, goals, wishes, to just be together. There is no better place to do this than the garden. You might head to the garden with the intention of meandering with your child at her speed, following her interests. Or, you might be working in the garden with your little one nearby, sensitive to noticing a moment that calls you to put down your rake so you can kneel on the damp earth and let your toddler lead the way to the discovery of a blossom or a butterfly or a strawberry or the green spikes of the emerging corn he planted himself.
A toddler’s mood of wonder can be fragile. Protect it by moving slowly, by dwelling in the fullness of silence, by noticing your child’s focus, using only a few carefully chosen words. Above all, don’t direct, explain or praise. When you find your way to becoming a companion to your toddler in an experience of wonder, you will find that time seems to stop. You may enter this realm for only four or five moments, but if you truly connect, if you drink in your child’s amazement, you will return to a place you once knew, a place where you lived as a child, where you feel beckoned to return. It is ironic that grown ups seek distant gurus to guide them to a consciousness of expectant, awareness when focused attention with a toddler, perhaps in a garden, might satisfy our mysterious yearning, might lead us back to the forgotten mindset our own early years. For, wonder is our first home.
Toddlers and young children usually live in a sense of wonder that is not shared with adults. If you think back to your own early years, perhaps you can remember moments of fascination that you did not share, that you could not share, for you did not have the words. Once you re-enter a toddler’s world of wonder, you will be awed by the value of this consciousness. You will want to provide your child with undisturbed time in nature, in a forest, by the sea, in a garden. For many families, a garden is the most accessible natural area. It can be on a balcony, of a tall apartment building, or a single garden bed in a tiny back yard. For a child, it is a place to witness the magic of growth, to know the beauty of life, to find wonder.
Toddlers Blooming in the Garden: Play Spaces in the Garden: Part Three
The toddler sat on the floor with a large onion. She hefted it, feeling its weight, then hugged it to herself before setting it down and rolling it back and forth on the wooden floor. We had time traveled, or so it seemed, to witness this one-year-old playing happily without toys at a historical village in New Brunswick.
I often think of this little child exploring the weight, the roundness, the smell of the onion that would one day disappear into a stew. And, when I think of play spaces in a garden, it occurs to me that a very young toddler can be quite happy in a garden path near his caretaker who might hand him a pumpkin or a marigold blossom or a basket of green beans.
Babies and toddlers are scientists who constantly explore texture, color, weight, movement and balance. I once watched a two year old systematically place a series of objects on a narrow, wooden armrest, watching with interest as the objects balanced or fell to the floor. At this age children need freedom of motion and simple objects to manipulate so that they can discover how their own body works and so they can test the basic rules of physics and gravity that apply to common objects. Fortunate is the toddler who spends little time restrained in a car seat or a stroller, who is not distracted from his real work by screens or by toys that make noise, light or motion apart from his own intervention. A garden is the perfect place for a toddler to carry out physics experiments — a realm of soil and water, a veritable laboratory for pouring, sloshing, squishing and splashing. A spirit of simplicity can guide decisions about making play spaces within a garden. A very young toddler may prefer to play at your feet, or may explore nearby with no need for a special area. But, a two or three year old begins to appreciate a space of his own. We created a sandbox in our strawberry patch using plastic window box inserts for the edges. This is an easy project and your toddler can help with every step. If your budget is bigger than ours, you might buy cedar window boxes instead of the plastic inserts. Here is how we did it:
Step One: Identify the sandbox area and remove soil to the level of the garden pathways. We chose an area that had more shade than the rest of the garden, so it was not ideal for growing berries, but was perfect for a play area.
Step Two: Surround this area with window boxes or window box inserts placing them end to end with no gaps except a space for an entry way
Step Three: Fill the window boxes (or plastic inserts) with soil and make a mound of soil around the outer perimeter of the boxes. The mound can be from one to three feet wide and should be as high as the window boxes or plastic inserts. This mound helps to hold the window boxes in place and provides a planting area.
Step Four: Fill the sandbox area with sand not quite as high as the boxes.
Step Five Help your child plant edible flowers in the boxes. Nasturtiums and pansies are good choices. Plant veggies, flowers or fruit plants on the mound.
Step Six: Add stones, seashells and other treasures that your child collects on adventures to the forest or the beach. A watering can, a trowel or shovel, a small rake, harvesting basket, a sand bucket and a large water bucket are tools your child might enjoy in her work as a farmer or physicist. Don’t hurry to load the sandbox with all of this at once. You don’t necessarily have to buy anything. Consider old kitchen spoons and discarded pots or pans.
Step Seven: Join your toddler in the sandbox occasionally to water flowers, harvest berries or rake fallen leaves off the sand. Toddlers are natural imitators who do as you do more than they do as you say. They are likely to follow your lead if you model good work and don’t ask for participation.
If you are creating a new landscape, try to locate the garden and the sandbox near a door or along a pathway that you use often. Permaculture designers encourage us to locate herbs, salad crops and soft fruits such as strawberries near the door so they will be noticed and harvested in your travels. I would add that this is also the place for the sandbox. The toddler on his way through the door, going in or out, who spots her favorite shovel, will go right to work. This is your cue to grab the harvesting baskets left near the door. You can probably pick greens and herbs for dinner and perhaps pull some weeds while your toddler harvests an understanding of soil permeability or gravity or notices that his nasturtiums are blooming.
For more about permaculture: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Permaculture